7, Apr 2024
Post Weld Heat Treatment Methods


post weld heat treatment methods, also known as stress relief (PWHT), relieves residual stresses and micro-structural changes that occur during welding. This process involves heating the weld and surrounding material to a specified temperature, then slowly cooling it. PWHT reduces these stresses and improves the toughness, ductility, and other mechanical properties to levels acceptable for design and service.

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A number of different methods can be used for post weld heat treatment. These include:

Induction Heating: In this method, the metal component is placed into a coil that has an alternating current running through it. This alternating current creates a magnetic field that causes eddy currents in the metal. These eddy currents cause the metal to heat up, which is much faster than using burners or electrical resistance heaters.

Furnace: The most common type of furnace for post weld heat treatment is a box furnace. These are made of steel and are insulated to retain the heat. They can be powered by gas, electricity, or oil and are often used for large components.

Other types of furnaces can be used for PWHT as well. For example, pit furnaces are sunken into the ground and can be used for large, long, or unwieldy shaped components that cannot fit into a box furnace. In addition, a preheating furnace can be used to reduce the temperature differential between the weld and base materials during the PWHT process. This can minimize distortion and excessive residual stresses that can occur if the weld and base materials cool at significantly different rates.

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